Vue Vs React

4 Feb 2021

Vue vs React; Which One Is Best For Your Project?

React and Vue are the most promising frameworks in the JavaScript world today. They both are efficient JavaScript technologies and very useful for both small and large scale applications.

React offers flexibility, and is as stable as Vue. On the other side, Vue is more structured, easier to figure out and set up, resulting in reduced project duration. However, the challenging part for most of us, out there is to decide whether to pick React or Vue. They both are similar in a couple of ways; use a Virtual DOM and possess a reactive and component-based structure. 

At the same time, there are several determining differences between Vue and React that you must know. Before rushing into the decision, read this post, it will articulate the strong-points and shortcomings of these two technologies. 

Let’s go through a brief comparison. Just scroll this post further…

What is React?

React debuted in May 2013 from the cocoon of Facebook. Since its inception, it has turned out to be one of the most popular JS frameworks maintained by individual developers and various organizations. It is used for developing efficacious Single-Page Applications (SPAs). 

Brands using React Native

  • Facebook
  • Instagram
  • Codecademy
  • Netflix
  • New York Times
  • Yahoo! Mail 

Pros of React

  • Offers maximum flexibility and responsiveness.
  • It uses virtual DOM, for a browser-friendly arrangement of documents in HTML, XHTML, or XML format.
  • The flexible structure and scalability make it an ideal choice for large-scale apps.
  • Developers can develop native-rendered apps for iOS and Android using the same code.

Cons of React

  • Requires deep knowledge to build an app;
  • Comes with a complex setup process, properties, functions, and structure. 

What is Vue?

It was developed by Evan You, in February 2014. It was initially used in China, but now this very JavaScript framework is globally recognized to be one of the best options for building intuitive web user interfaces as well as SPAs. 

Brands using Vue

  • BuzzFeed
  • EuroNews
  • GitLab
  • Grammarly
  • Nintendo
  • Trustpilot 

Pros of Vue

  • Utilizes standard HTML-based templates;
  • An ideal choice to use and revamp an existing application;
  • Provides seamless integration of smaller parts without leaving an impact on the whole system.
  • Comes with a simple and efficient structure, along with reusable templates;
  • Doesn’t require any additional knowledge to implement the technology, but HTML and JavaScript will fulfill the job.

Cons of Vue

  • Has small market share compared to React;
  • It is not an ideal choice for large-scale app development.

React vs Vue- The Battle Begins

Now, let’s delve deeper into the differences between Vue and React Native.

1. Syntax

This is one of the biggest differences between Vue and React and that is the way in which the view layer is built. Vue utilizes HTML templates, with an option to write in JSX. This helps front-end developers to create Web applications. Whereas, React is solely dependent on JSX, which combines HTML and CSS together into JavaScript. This XML-like syntax allows developers to build self-contained UI components with view-rendering instructions included. 

2. Framework background

Facebook built React native to answer the specific needs of the development cycle. With robust backing, and continued investment from the parent organization, it clearly vouches for stability in the future and ensures that it will continue to grow with long-term support. Also, React Native has huge community support with third-party libraries, packages, tools, and extensions. It has great support from all major IDEs and has more tutorials, online courses, articles, many questions on Stackoverflow.  Vue, on the other hand, was built by one developer, Evan You, to improve existing JS tools. It is an open-source project, relying on the community, contributors, and crowdfunding to move forward. And worth mentioning Vue is relatively less popular than RN, but its community is constantly evolving. It offers fewer resources, packages, and third-party libraries as compared to React. 

3. State Management

React can take care of state management from within using setState() to set a component’s state. For mobile apps with complex nature, developers need to use packages Redux, Mobx, and the React Context API to manage state. With Vue, developers use a `store pattern` for state management when the app is built. It offers a Flux architecture called Vuex with a centralized store. 

4. Performance 

A mobile app’s speed is determined by start-up time and runtime performance. And here Vue and React both offer excellent performance. Although compared to React Native, Vue certainly has a better memory allocation and startup times while React is a little faster at runtime. These both libraries offer SSR- Server-Side Rendering, Tree shaking, and Bundling. Also, they both use a virtual DOM that helps in modifying the resource-intensive task.

5. Nature of framework

React Native works along with other libraries, whereas Vue is a standalone framework. React developers need to depend on external solutions such as Flux/Redux for routing and state management. This can easily be debugged which results in a more streamlined ecosystem.

Vue holds lesser libraries and doesn’t require the local state to modify data. using the data property of a Vue object. However, you will need an external library for state management for larger apps (e.g., Vuex). Just like Redux, it has one way to alter the state using handler functions called mutations. The Vue team maintains and supports the core frameworks like Vuex and Vue-router for routing.

6. Scalability 

When it comes to scalability, no doubt React Native is a lightweight framework that can be used for multi-page applications. Here developers can import the library and start to add JS features with React components. It makes it a perfect choice for large SPAs and Facebook’s ad console is the best instance for it.

On the other hand, with Vue, developers require a little customization, but at the same time, it offers a great range of templates. Don’t forget, there is no option to import own or community-created templates. It is also an excellent choice to create interactive multi-page apps, as there is a good option to quickly import the core library and inject Vue into existing pages.

7. Documentation 

React’s documentation is quite basic following the concept of native, with an inclusion of some advanced concepts. It is not that well-structured, and lacks the detailed overview of the React ecosystem. On the flip side, Vue has an incredible set of docs, with efficient API references. Indeed, it is well-written, clear, and accessible, dealing with everything required to build a Vue app.

8. Mobile app development

In the cross-platform development field, React Native has won the battle, letting developers re-use 99% of codes. This further helps in creating companion apps for Android/iOS with native look and performance. On the other hand, Vue fails to compete with RN, but its component-based architecture enables developers to write code, that can easily be rendered on the web, iOS, and Android. 

9. Size

No doubt, React is considered to be lightweight, but Vue is even smaller than React. As per the information offered by GitHub Gist, React 16.2.0 + React DOM has a file size of 97.5 kilobytes while the same for Vue 2.4.2 is 58.8 kilobytes.

Final thoughts

Honestly, Vue and React both are impeccable choices for a modern application and are great tools for building interactive user interfaces. However, when it comes to selecting which one is better for your next project, there are numerous factors that must be considered, such as your specific business needs, environment, developer availability, budget, and time constraint.

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